مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس Government, Society

مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس Government, Society

در این مطلب مثال‌های متفاوتی از رایتینگ آیلتس آمده است. این مثال‌ها در دسته Government و Society قرار دارند. برای یادگیری لغات و کلمات مربوط به دولت و جامعه، بخش ایده‌های سایمون سایت زبان زندی را از دست ندهید. در تمام نمونه سوال ها Topic Sentence و نحوه توسعه آن آمده است. 

یکی از راه‌های پیشرفت در رایتینگ آزمون آیلتس دیدن مثال‌های متنوع از 5 نوع writing است. مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس به شما کمک می‌کند که با جملات و اصطلاحات کاربردی در زمینه های مختلف از جمله Government و Society آشنا شوید.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers Essay:

Government and Society (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

یک مثال کاربردی از رایتینگ آیلتس

In some countries, small town-center shops are going out of business because people tend to drive to large out-of-town stores. As a result, people without cars have limited access to out-of-town stores, and it may result in an increase in the use of cars. Do you think the disadvantages of this change outweigh its advantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

In many countries the world over, small shops in city centers cannot compete with large stores that are based on the outskirts; therefore, many of those small businesses are threatened with closure. This leads to a number of consequences, including a rise in car usage in these countries and access to large out-of-town stores becoming limited for those without cars. In my view, this change does more harm than good.

Increasing bankruptcies among small town-center shops are an unfortunate situation that puts local people to great inconvenience, with those who are not in possession of a car standing most affected, because they now have to travel to a distant place to shop. (2) The time used for such journeys could be better spent on other activities that are of greater importance, be it work or entertainment. The situation’s impacts are also far beyond individual levels. It causes a significant loss for the economy of any city where large numbers of such businesses are forced to shut down. This may inflict unexpected damage on the national economy as a whole.

The rise in car usage caused by people’s demand for long-distance travel is also problematic. Traffic congestion will become worse due to the higher number of vehicles on the streets. Furthermore, the number of pollutants emitted from car engines will rise, which heightens pollution levels in those places and adversely affects human health.

However, this change in people’s shopping preferences may encourage them to move to out-of-town areas to live. Given the fact that modern cities are faced with overpopulation and consequently ever-growing pressure on housing supply systems, this could be considered a start of relieving such pressure.

In conclusion, the trend towards shopping in large stores located away from city centers is having many negative impacts. Although it could encourage some people to move to places where these stores are established and help to solve some population problems in modern cities, I doubt that the trend could promise any significant outcome.

(329 words)

Vocabulary

  • To compete with something or somebody
  • To be threatened with something
  • A rise in something
  • Increasing bankruptcies among small town-center shops
  • To cause a significant loss for the economy of any city
  • Traffic congestion
  • To adversely affect human health
  • To be faced with overpopulation and consequently ever-growing pressure on housing supply systems

مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس Advantage and Disadvantage

Some cities have few controls over the design and construction of housing and office buildings. People think that they should be free to choose the design they like.

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

It is true that in some cities, the residents do have the freedom to design their homes or office buildings in their own way because there are limited government regulations on how it should be done. Although some clear benefits of such a trend can be seen, they are, in my view, eclipsed by the considerable drawbacks.

On the one hand, there are many benefits of having less oversight on building design. The first advantage is that it gives scope for creativity. This allows designers or house owners to be more open to new ideas and to freely experiment with new materials and designs, which may eventually lead to the arrival of more innovative and unique buildings. Secondly, the freedom of construction design gives owners an opportunity to fulfil their personal preferences which may vary significantly from person to person. While some maybe passionate about a traditional design, others might enjoy a more modern perspective. A building should not be considered a mere shelter but a place where its owner feels a sense of satisfaction and contentment as well. As such, in such circumstances, a loose regulation on the design and construction of buildings is obviously advantageous.

On the other hand, I believe that the disadvantages of this trend are more significant. Firstly, houses and other buildings which are built without any strict or uniform building codes may be vulnerable to serious damage, especially due to natural disasters. A typical example of this is housed in parts of central Vietnam, where there are few regulations from the government on their construction. Due to this lack of government control, whenever a fierce storm strikes the region, thousands of houses lose their roofs, and even worse, are sometimes completely collapsed, leading to both losses of lives and property. Secondly, without strict control on building design, the uniformity of a city can be distorted. This may, in turn, damage the look of the city since the consistency in building design is often accompanied by beauty.

In conclusion, although there are many positive effects of allowing people to freely design their homes or other buildings, it seems to me that these advantages are overshadowed by the drawbacks.

(359 words)

Vocabulary

  • To have the freedom to do something
  • Government regulations (n)
  • Scope for creativity
  • The arrival of more innovative and unique buildings
  • To fulfil their personal preferences
  • To be passionate about something
  • A sense of satisfaction and contentment
  • To be vulnerable to something
  • Losses of lives and property
  • The uniformity of a city

مثال برای نقش دولت و مردم در محیط زیست

Individuals can do nothing to improve the environment; only governments and large companies can make a difference.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Environmental issues have become an increasing concern among individuals and governments in the modern world. Some people reject the role of individuals and argue that environmental protection can only be achieved by governments and big businesses. I personally consider this to be a flawed argument, and I will explain my reasoning in the following essay.

In reality, governments and corporations take responsibility for protecting the environment. Governments could enact laws to reduce many environmental problems, while large companies are capable of investing large amounts of money in sustainable development goals. However, all the policies and campaigns will show no effect without the active cooperation of residents. In Vietnam, although the government tries to raise the public’s awareness of environmental issues and even imposes heavy fines on those who violate environmental laws, many beaches and the surrounding ecosystems have been badly polluted by the sheer number of visitors. Therefore, I believe that there needs to be more action taken from individuals in such situations.

Furthermore, all the combined actions of all people will have a profound impact on the bigger picture. Researchers found that an individual will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by around 1500 pounds per year if he leaves his car at home two days a week. Another prime example is waste management processes. While residents can spend just a few minutes separating their biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste, it takes days for waste recycling plants to achieve the same task.

In conclusion, I disagree with the opinion that environmental issues can only be reduced by governments and large enterprises because individuals also need to make a significant contribution to the process of keeping the planet clean. In other words, this matter can only be dealt with by simultaneous participation of governments, companies and residents.

(297 words)

Vocabulary

To take responsibility for something

To enact laws

To be capable of doing something

Sustainable development goals

The active cooperation of residents

To raise somebody’s awareness of something

To impose heavy fines on something

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Waste management processes

biodegradable (adj)

To make a significant contribution to something

یک مثال خوب برای رایتینگ agree or disagree

Given the high unemployment rate, it is recommended that the government only provide primary education and no secondary education. What do you think?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

It is believed that countries that have high unemployment rates should only offer primary education, and extending secondary education to students who are not likely to find work in the future is a hopeless attempt. I personally consider this to be a flawed argument, and I will explain my reasoning in the essay below.

Important as it is to a child’s overall development, primary education does not provide any necessary work skills. The fundamental aim of this early stage of education is simply to lay a basis for a student’s cognitive development through
the learning of language, art and basic science. People who complete this level of education are not equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to enter the workforce. While those people may find blue-collar employment, it is unlikely that they can get a decent job. Therefore, if a country with a high unemployment level only offers primary education to the majority of students, the outcome will not be worthwhile.

Furthermore, I would argue that investing in secondary schooling systems and delivering secondary education to young students are of greater importance when it comes to improving the overall employment rate of a country. In fact, nowadays, many middle and high schools hire a large number of secondary education degree holders who work better with younger age groups and are more familiar with the subjects taught at this level of education. There are also many other types of non-academic careers, such as in the beauty and entertainment industries, that only require a secondary education degree. Last but not least, I believe that we should not restrict secondary education to a certain group of students who are deemed eligible because everyone deserves an equal opportunity to access education.

In conclusion, I disagree that providing only primary education is the best course of action to be adopted in the context of a nation with a high rate of unemployment. Secondary education, on the other hand, is a major contributor to combating unemployment. I also believe that we should not dispense secondary education to only a select number of students as everyone has the right to be educated.

(356 words)

Vocabulary

  • lay a basis for a student’s cognitive development
  • flawed (adj)
  • Equip somebody with something
  • enter the workforce
  • find blue-collar employment
  • non-academic careers
  • deemed eligible
  • To be a major contributor to

چگونه به سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس جواب بدهیم؟

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies.
Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Scientific research plays an important role in the development of humanity. Some people think that the responsibility for conducting and managing it should be taken by governments, and not by private companies. Personally, I believe that both governments and private businesses should have the right and duty to carry out research.

I believe that governments should play the leading role in performing research due to a number of reasons. Firstly, scientific research is the key to finding solutions to the pressing concerns of society. Thorough medical research, for example, needs to be conducted by governments to develop vaccines against potential epidemics. Research into renewable energies is also crucial to deal with global warming. These kinds of research require a great deal of spending, which can only be afforded by the government. In addition, scientific studies controlled by governments will ensure that reliable and ethical methods are used, and minimize the risk of these studies being used for criminal activity. For instance, studies related to nuclear power or weapons must be carried out or supervised by governmental organizations to protect a country from terrorism or other warfare.

However, private companies can do research which is not carried out by governments. In fact, many useful scientific discoveries have been made by private institutions. To illustrate, the invention of the iPhone by Apple, a corporation in the US began the era of smartphones and facilitated modern forms of interaction between people all over the world. Furthermore, encouraging profit-driven companies to conduct scientific investigations will help them develop their own products and create competition in the marketplace. Society will therefore benefit from new inventions and better products.

In conclusion, although governments should control and carry out major scientific studies, private companies should not be deprived of the right to do research.

(297 words)

Vocabulary

  • Play the leading role in something (phr)
  • To be the key to something (phr)
  • To develop vaccines against potential epidemics (phr)
  • To deal with something (phr)
  • To minimize the risk of something (phr)
  • To begin the era of something (phr)
  • To facilitate modern forms of interaction
  • To conduct/carry out scientific investigations

IELTS Writing Task 2, Society Topic

Some people think that a huge amount of time and money is spent on the protection of wild animals and that this money could be better spent on the human population.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

There are some debates over whether the money that is spent on wildlife protection could be better spent on helping people. Personally, I believe that the protection of wild animals is extremely important and that countries need to invest more money in preserving their native animal species.

Firstly, I do not believe that much time or money is actually spent on protecting wild animals. In addition, I believe that a large majority of the time that people spend on such issues is voluntary work that people do because they are passionate about saving and helping animals. Additionally, a large amount of money that is spent on these causes is from charity organizations that rely mostly on donations. Therefore, we cannot tell people what charities that they should or should not donate their time and money towards.

Secondly, while many people believe that humans are the superior race on planet Earth, others, including myself, feel that all living beings, human and animal, have equal rights to live in peace, and therefore the protection of all animals and their habitats is extremely important. Human activity is no doubt the main cause of most problems wild animals face. The human race has continued to destroy the planet and the natural habitats of wild animals and therefore should be responsible for protecting them so that they can live wild and free, as is their natural state.

In conclusion, I firmly believe that it is essential for the health of the planet to maintain a diverse range of animals and wildlife within all ecosystems. I also believe that due to the widespread devastation humans have caused to the natural environment, it is our responsibility to do whatever necessary, regardless of time and money, in order to restore a healthy balance to the planet’s natural environments.

(302 words)

Vocabulary

  • Preserve = maintain = protect something (v)
  • Be passionate about something
  • Charity organizations (n)
  • To be the main cause of something
  • The natural habitats of wild animals
  • To be responsible for something
  • The widespread devastation

مثال برای سوالات رایتینگ to what extent

It is more important to spend public money promoting a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent illness than to spend it on the treatment of people who are already ill.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Many people say that in order to fight diseases, the government should invest more money in encouraging a healthy lifestyle instead of spending money on the treatment of people who are already suffering from illness. I advocate this point of view.

On one hand, I agree that a large proportion of the state budget should be allocated to activities or campaigns that promote a healthy lifestyle. This is because a lot of diseases nowadays are actually the direct result of people’s unhealthy habits. For example, children who eat fast food on a daily basis commonly can suffer from a range of health issues, such as weight problems and obesity. These diseases can be prevented if people are made more aware of the severe consequences of an unhealthy diet. In addition, there are a number of incurable diseases, such as HIV, AIDS and many forms of cancer. Of course, there are drugs and treatments that can prolong the life of patients suffering from such diseases, but the better solution, in this case, is obviously trying to prevent these diseases from occurring, instead of trying to cure them, which can often place a heavy burden on patient’s families, and on society as a whole.

On the other hand, the treatment for people who are already ill should also receive adequate funding, due to the fact that some diseases simply cannot be prevented. People living in many tropical or coastal regions, for example, are highly vulnerable to water-borne diseases after a natural disaster such as a tsunami or heavy flooding. Additionally, there are also some illnesses and disorders that are inherited. For instance, if a person suffers from asthma, it is highly likely that his children will also contract respiratory-related diseases, regardless of their diet or lifestyle. These mentioned cases would be almost impossible for people or the government to prevent, and therefore money needs to be spent on the treatment of patients.

In conclusion, both promoting a healthy lifestyle and spending money on the treatment of people who are already ill are equally important in the fight against diseases, and each country should develop flexible plans to adapt to different situations.

(359 words)

Vocabulary

  • To fight something (problems or issues)
  • To encourage/promote a healthy lifestyle
  • To place a heavy burden on patients’ families
  • Adequate (adj)
  • To be vulnerable to something
  • Waterborne diseases (n)
  • Inherited (adj)
  • To contract a disease

نحوه نوشتن رایتینگ آیلتس Government

Some people think government funding should not be used for supporting art and culture, while others think supporting cultural activities may be beneficial for the population and the culture.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Opinions diverge on the necessity of funding cultural activities. While some claim it is an unnecessary investment, others believe both citizens and cultures would benefit if governments were to provide financial support for art and culture. I will discuss both views and state my own opinion in this essay.

On the one hand, many people oppose investing in cultural activities because there are more serious issues to address. The deterioration of transport infrastructure in many cities, for example, is the major reason for the increased number of traffic accidents. Using money for the construction of new roads and highways would bring about immediate effects and save thousands of lives. In addition, nations across the globe are facing many environmental problems that require urgent attention, namely pollution and natural resource depletion. National leaders, therefore, should join forces with scientists to combat these issues by allocating financial resources to the development of renewable and environmentally friendly sources of energy. There is no point in spending money on cultural activities before ensuring a safe and clean environment for citizens.

Advocates of art and culture, on the other hand, argue that cultural activities play an important role in people’s lives. Cultural events, like Tet holiday or Christmas, are occasions when family members gather together, which helps to strengthen the sense of family and community and further enriches people’s lives. Moreover, funding these activities helps to preserve cultural diversity, especially in such a globalized world where so much culture is being lost and forgotten. The Vietnamese government, for instance, has constructed many museums that solely exhibit examples of ethnic minority culture, whose populations are decreasing at an alarming rate.

In conclusion, I believe that cultural activities are of great significance and require attention and financial support from governments. However, it is also the government’s duty to address issues in transportation and the environment to protect citizens’ lives and maintain a healthy environment for people to live in.

Vocabulary

To invest in something

The deterioration of transport infrastructure

To face many environmental problems

To play an important role in something

To strengthen the sense of family and community

To preserve cultural diversity

یک نمونه مثال discuss both views

Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end hunger and poverty, while others say that economic growth is damaging the environment so it should be stopped.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Many people believe economic development is the only solution to end hunger and poverty, while others think that economic growth should be stopped due to the harmful effects it has on the environment. In this essay, I will examine both arguments and then give my personal opinion.

It is true that economic growth has taken a heavy toll on the environment. Firstly, the ever-increasing demand for industrial development has led to the construction of more factories and manufacturing facilities, which has significantly raised the volume of atmospheric greenhouse gases, which are considered to be the main culprit behind global warming. Furthermore, human activities, such as clearing forests for farming, are directly responsible for the loss of natural habitats for many wild plants and animals, pushing these species to the verge of extinction. This, together with the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources, poses serious threats to the survival of mankind, especially with today’s rapidly increasing population.

However, trying to stop the economy from developing, due to the drawbacks, is not a rational approach, for economic growth is still the most effective measure to tackle poverty and hunger. A healthy economy will create more employment opportunities for those who come from underprivileged backgrounds and thus ensure a stable income for these people. Therefore, they will be able to earn enough money to cover basic living expenses. Besides this, economic growth also has a crucial role to play in the fight against hunger. With a more generous budget to invest in agricultural development, for example, governments can invest in modern machinery to automate the labour-intensive processes of growing and harvesting crops. Such a boost in productivity will increase food production and eventually put an end to hunger.

In conclusion, it is understandable why many people believe that economic growth should be stopped to protect our environment, however, I think the government should not rely on such a desperate measure because the benefits brought about by economic growth, not only in the fight against poverty and hunger, are far more significant than the
drawbacks.

(340 words)

Vocabulary

  • The (only) solution to
  • Take a heavy toll on
  • The ever increasing demand
  • The major culprit behind sth
  • The loss of natural habitat
  • Pushing sth to the verge of extinction
  • Unsustainable exploitation
  • Poses a serious threat to
  • A rational approach
  • Underprivileged backgrounds
  • Cover basic living expenses
  • Has a crucial role to play
  • The fight against hunger
  • The labour-intensive process
  • Put an end to

یک روش برای نوشتن رایتینگ آیلتس تسک 2

Some people think governments should spend money on faster means of public transport. However, others think money should be spent on other priorities (eg cost, environment).

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

People have different views about whether money should be spent on public transport or on other more important issues. While faster means of public transport would be a positive measure, I would argue that further investment in other priorities should be made first.

On the one hand, it could be argued that providing citizens with faster forms of public transportation has brought about certain benefits. Firstly, faster forms of transport are said to allow people, particularly commuters, to reduce travelling time to and from work. As a result, people will have more leisure time, and this will lead to an increase in their work productivity. Secondly, by adopting this method, people are less likely to be packed in cramped and hot buses. They will not need to rush to get to work on time or get up so early in order to get a seat on a bus, and therefore, they will have more time to prepare before going to work or school or to enjoy their breakfast with their family.

However, I believe that spending money on other vital aspects is more important. One of the most pressing concerns is environmental pollution. Despite the convenience that public transportation brings to commuters, more and more vehicles are being used each year and exhaust fumes emitted from those vehicles have exerted a detrimental effect on the atmosphere in most large cities. As a result, people are more susceptible to developing respiratory diseases and other kinds of health problems. Another significant issue is the increasing cost of living, which leaves many people struggling to cope with basic daily needs. If such situations are left untreated, this may lead to a decrease in economic
growth, amongst other problems.

In conclusion, despite the advantages of improving the speed of public transport, I am convinced that it is better to spend money on more urgent issues, such as the environment and living costs.

(317 words)

Vocabulary

  • Further investment in other priorities
  • Lead to an increase in their work productivity
  • To be packed in cramped and hot buses
  • To rush to do something
  • Exhaust fumes (n)
  • To exert a detrimental effect on something
  • To be susceptible to something
  • respiratory diseases (n)

مثال های رایتینگ آیلتس آکادمیک Discuss

Some people think that newly built houses should follow the style of old houses in local areas. Others think that people should have the freedom to build houses of their own style.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

It is a controversial issue as to whether newly built houses should be designed in the same style as existing homes in the same area, or, whether the residents should have permission to construct their houses in a style of their own preference. My view is that people should be given permission to build their houses to their own design, as long as these designs satisfy all necessary safety requirements.

On the one hand, there are some reasons why all buildings in a particular area should have the same style. Firstly, when houses look similar it will enhance a sense of community and equality within a residential area. This is because a house often reflects the wealth and social status of its owner. If a house looks older, smaller, and less attractive than others, the people living there may feel inferior and less confident when socializing with their neighbours. In contrast, a house that stands out in the neighbourhood could potentially make its owner the target of gossip or burglary. Secondly, when houses share a common design, it will be easier for the local government to supervise the process of construction, and to make sure that these buildings are safe for both the inhabitants and neighbours.

On the other hand, it should be people’s right to build their own house in their own style. A good building should satisfy all three principles of durability, utility, and beauty. It should not only be strong in design and be built to last a long time, but also inspire the people who live there by its aesthetic design. It is extremely important for a person to live in a house that they feel comfortable with as it largely affects their spirit. Furthermore, if each house in an area is built in a unique style, it will greatly contribute to the diverse image of the town.

In conclusion, even though there are certain justifications for houses in an area to be constructed in the same style, I am of the opinion that governments should permit people to build their houses according to their own ideas.

(352 words)

Vocabulary

  • Safety requirements
  • Enhance a sense of community
  • Reflects the wealth and social status of its owner
  • The target of gossip or burglary
  • Share a common design
  • To supervise the process of construction
  • Aesthetic design

مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس درباره اجتماع

These days people in some countries are living in a “throw-away” society which means people use things in a short time then throw them away. Causes and problems.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

It is now common to see people purchase things, for example, cell phones and clothes, and only use them for a short period. A number of factors contribute to this throwaway culture and this leads to a range of dire consequences, which will be outlined in the essay below.

One main reason for the modern throwaway culture is that society is greatly affected by consumerism that encourages the mass production of short-lived goods and the consumption of those goods. The market is also flooded with cheap, single-use products, making it easier to buy things in large quantities and dispose of them even before they become unusable. Another point to consider here is that the purpose for which we buy and use consumer products has changed over the past decades. For example, we no longer wait until our clothes wear out to make new purchases; instead, our decisions to buy new clothes are heavily influenced by a number of other incentives, be it better appearances or new fashion patterns.

This practice inflicts severe damage on the environment. Products constantly ending up in trash bins will cause landfills to become overloaded with massive piles of garbage, only a small proportion of which is disposed of properly to avoid harm to the environment. The rest of the garbage, usually non-recyclable and plastic items, are either buried underground or burnt. This can increase air and land pollution levels, and directly harm the lives of people living in the throwaway society. Furthermore, natural resources that fuel the manufacturing of consumer products can be depleted due to the market’s nonstop demand for those commodities.

In conclusion, a throwaway culture that wreaks devastation on our environment and depletes our natural resources is formed largely by modern consumerism.

(290 words)

Vocabulary

  • Dire consequences (n)
  • Consumerism
  • The mass production of something
  • Unusable (adj)
  • Make new purchases (phr)
  • Dispose of something
  • Non-recyclable (adj)
  • Nonstop demand for something

درک سوالات “To what extent”

برخی از سوالات امتحان آیلتس مانند «چگونه بهداشت در تولید پنیر قابل اعمال است؟» و «دلایل رکود بزرگ اقتصادی چیست؟» را می توان با مجموعه ای از حقایق پاسخ داد. سوالات دیگر، از جمله “رژیم غذایی ایرانیان طی 20 سال گذشته تا چه اندازه تغییر کرده است؟” و “دانش جامعه تا چه حد به موفقیت در تحصیلات عالی کمک می کند؟” به پاسخی که از نظر میزان موافق و مخالفت بیان شود نیاز دارد: به عنوان مثال ، “رژیم غذایی ایرانیان تا حد زیادی تغییر کرده است / بسیار قابل توجه / حداقل / اصلاً / و غیره.” to a great extent/very significantly/ minimally/not at all

سوالاتی که To what extent دارند، از نظر درجه ارائه شده اند، نمی توانند با “بله” یا “نه” پاسخ داده شوند. برای پاسخ دادن به آنها، بهتر است که آنها را به صورت سوالاتی بنویسید که می توانند پاسخ “بله” یا “نه” بدهند.

مثال:

دانش آماری در تحصیلات عالی تا چه درجه مفید است؟ = آیا دانش آماری در تحصیلات عالی مفید است؟
رژیم غذایی ایرانی‌ها طی 20 سال گذشته تا چه اندازه تغییر کرده است؟ = آیا رژیم غذایی ایرانی‌ها طی 20 سال گذشته تغییر کرده است؟
آسیب های زیست محیطی تا چه میزان قابل برگشت نیست؟ = آیا آسیب های زیست محیطی غیرقابل برگشت است؟
سانسور رسانه ای در جامعه مدرن چقدر ضروری است؟ = آیا سانسور رسانه ای در جامعه مدرن ضروری است؟

To what degree is a knowledge of statistics useful in tertiary study? = Is a knowledge of statistics useful in tertiary study?
To what extent has the diet of Iranian changed over the past 20 years? = Has the diet of Iranian Changed over the past 20 years?
To what extent is environmental damage irreversible? = Is environmental damage irreversible?
How necessary is media censorship in modern society? = Is media censorship necessary in modern society?

مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس – لغات و اصطلاحات

Giving your opinions / expressing an attitude

– In my view/opinion, …
– From my point of view, (Personally.) I tend to think/believe/feel that …
– I would argue that / I tend to think that …
– I am not sure I agree with/that …
– I tend not to believe that As far as I’m concerned, Arguably / As a matter of fact / Interestingly / Clearly / To a certain extent, …

Introducing arguments

– The main argument in favor of/against…
– It is (certainly) true that …
– It is (generally) believed/felt that …
– The general view is/has been that …
– Experts/Professionals would argue/say that …

Presenting reasons/examples

– One of the main reasons why …
– The main reason why …
– There are a number of reasons why/for …
– For this reason, …

Presenting a counter-argument

– Having said that / made this point / these points, …
– Despite / In spite of this, …

Expressing purpose

– with the aim of/in order to / so as to

Emphasizing

– What we/people/governments need to / should do is …
– All that X needs to / should do is …
– It is X that …

Drawing a conclusion

– Overall, … / All in all, …
– Ultimately, … / In the end, …

امتیاز (مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس Government, Society)
5/5

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IELTS Writing Task 2