دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس Environment, Pollution

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس Environment, Pollution

تسک 2 در آزمون آیلتس، سوالی در مورد یک موضوع اجتماعی مانند environment ، pollution و غیره است. شما باید با ارائه نظرات خود، همراه با دلایل و مثال‌ها در یک مقاله به این سوال پاسخ دهید. شما باید حداقل 250 کلمه بنویسید و باید 40 دقیقه صرف نوشتن مقاله کنید.

استفاده از ساختار مقاله استاندارد شامل پاراگرافهای جداگانه مهم است: مقدمه (یک پاراگراف) ، پاراگراف‌های Body (دو یا سه پاراگراف) و سپس نتیجه گیری (یک پاراگراف). در ادامه بیش از 10 مدل نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس در موضوعات آلودگی و محیط زیست آمده است.

مقدمه تسک 2 می‌تواند موضوع مقاله را توصیف کند، به ممتحن اطلاعات اولیه بدهد و نظرات مختلفی در مورد آن ذکر کند. همچنین باید دیدگاه خود را به طور خلاصه بیان کنید، سپس توضیحات و پشتیبانی خود را در بخش Body مقاله ارائه دهید. دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس برای موضوعات  Environment, Pollution به شما کمک می کند تا ایده‌های خود را در این موارد توسعه دهید.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers Essay:

Environment and Pollution (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

یک نمونه رایتیگ Advantage and disadvantage

Organized tour to remote areas and community is increasingly popular. Is it a positive or negative development for the local people and the environment?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

In recent years, there has been a growing tendency for tourists to travel to remote locations and communities on organized tours. This has some positive impacts on the local people, but I think the detrimental effects on the environment are more significant and that the issue is more of negative development.

The financial and socio-cultural benefits for the locals in remote areas are evident. Tourists visiting these regions have a high demand for goods and services and are mostly willing to pay higher than average prices. This helps to boost local economies in remote areas and eventually enhance living standards of the local people. Regarding the socio-cultural aspects, Travelers from different cultures can provide ethnic people in remote areas, who are almost completely isolated from the outside world, with a lot of experiences through their interactions with one another, which can help these local residents to broaden knowledge about more civilized society.

However, the hordes of tourists to remote regions still leave severe impacts on the environment in these areas. In fact, tourists often litter where ever they go and do not bother to clean after themselves in areas they have visited. This may lead to such conditions as dirty roads or clogged sewage systems in these places, which negatively and directly affects local people’s living conditions. In terms of indirect effects, I believe that the indigenous people have to sacrifice their natural resources to accommodate tourists’ insatiable demands. In several mountainous areas of Vietnam, local people cut down vast areas of forest to make handicrafts or furniture for tourists. These acts can contribute to environmental deterioration in remote areas.

In conclusion, though the economy and societies in remote areas can benefit tremendously from organized tourism, I think that the negative environmental consequences that this situation brings are far more significant.

(304 words)

Vocabulary

  • To have a high demand for something
  • To enhance the living standards of the local people
  • Ethnic people
  • To be isolated from the outside world
  • To broaden knowledge about a more civilized society
  • Indigenous (adj)
  • To sacrifice something to do something
  • The environmental deterioration

مثال برای رایتینگ آیلتس pollution

Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, are used in many countries. The use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, is encouraged. Is this trend a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

I think that the use of alternative sources of energy (also known in some cases as ‘green’ energy) is a positive trend of development, and indeed their use should be encouraged further. As the demand for energy worldwide is increasing, especially in developing countries, the strains on the existing and already limited resources also increase. To solve this problem, we must consider two issues: how to better use the existing, limited fossil fuel resources and how we can encourage the use of alternative energy sources.

It is universally acknowledged that there is a limitation on the use of fossil fuels, especially coal and oil. Some countries are rich in oil deposits like OPEC, whereas China is rich in coal deposits and Russia in natural gas. Others, such as Japan and Germany, are completely dependent on the import of resources. For all countries resource-rich versus resource-poor, alternative energy should be encouraged and utilized to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels as well as to keep the global environment in balance and ‘healthy’.

The only way is to turn to other sources to get an energy supply. Wind power and solar power are at present feasible alternatives. France is one country that has the advanced technology needed to produce extremely efficient solar panels to store energy from the sun. Both kinds of power can reduce a country’s dependence on fossil fuels. Furthermore, they do not pollute the environment and in turn, help keep the ecosystem stable.

While fossil fuel resources are diminishing, the demand for energy continues to increase year on year. It is a positive trend to develop other alternatives to replace these traditional energy resources. Experiences should be shared and promoted, technology-shared and exchanged to limit or even reduce the greenhouse effect. If this switch to alternative energy is encouraged early enough, then we may yet avoid the pending energy crisis. (314 words)

چگونه رایتینگ آیلتس Task 2 را بنویسیم

It is a natural process for animal species to become extinct (e.g. Dinosaur, dodos …) There is no reason why people should try to prevent this from happening.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Some people believe that there are no compelling reasons for us to protect animal species from extinction as it occurs naturally. I personally disagree with this conviction and will support my argument in the essay below.

It is true that millions of years ago, many ancient species of animals, such as dinosaurs, were wiped out due to a gradual shift in climate and changing sea levels, according to some hypotheses. However, these environmental factors are not the primary contributor to the disappearance of certain species nowadays. Industrial activities have been devastating the natural habitats of wildlife and disturbing the food chain, causing the mass extinction of countless species. The increased demand for goods made from animals’ products, such as skins and horns, also leads to the rampant poaching of wild, endangered animals, rhinos for instance. In this regard, humans are held accountable and should do what is needed to rectify the situation.

Other justifications for saving wild animals involve the significant roles that they play in not only the balance of the ecosystem but also our lives. Everything in nature is connected, and if one species becomes extinct, many other animals and even plants will suffer as the food chain is disrupted. Wild animals also have great aesthetic and socio-cultural values. They contribute to our rich bio-diversity that makes this planet a beautiful place. In numerous places around the world, many types of animals play an important role in different cultures. For example, in some religions, cows are revered and worshipped as gods.

The disappearance of many animal species does not always occur as a natural process but as a consequence of our doings. It is our obligation to help preserve wild animals because their extinction will have a severe influence on many important aspects of our lives.

(298 words)

Vocabulary

  • To be wiped out
  • Environmental factors
  • Devastating the natural habitats of wildlife
  • Disturbing the food chain
  • The mass extinction
  • Animals’ products
  • The rampant poaching of wild, endangered animals
  • Rectify the situation
  • The balance of the ecosystem
  • Aesthetic and socio-cultural values
  • Rich bio-diversity
  • Revered and worshipped

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس agree or disagree

Individuals can do nothing to improve the environment; only governments and large companies can make a difference.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Environmental issues have become an increasing concern among individuals and governments in the modern world. Some people reject the role of individuals and argue that environmental protection can only be achieved by governments and big businesses. I personally consider this to be a flawed argument, and I will explain my reasoning in the following essay.

In reality, governments and corporations take responsibility for protecting the environment. Governments could enact laws to reduce many environmental problems, while large companies are capable of investing large amounts of money in sustainable development goals. However, all the policies and campaigns will show no effect without the active cooperation of residents. In Vietnam, although the government tries to raise the public’s awareness of environmental issues and even imposes heavy fines on those who violate environmental laws, many beaches and the surrounding ecosystems have been badly polluted by the sheer number of visitors. Therefore, I believe that there needs to be more action taken from individuals in such situations.

Furthermore, all the combined actions of all people will have a profound impact on the bigger picture. Researchers found that an individual will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by around 1500 pounds per year if he leaves his car at home two days a week. Another prime example is waste management processes. While residents can spend just a few minutes separating their biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste, it takes days for waste recycling plants to achieve the same task.

In conclusion, I disagree with the opinion that environmental issues can only be reduced by governments and large enterprises because individuals also need to make a significant contribution to the process of keeping the planet clean. In other words, this matter can only be dealt with by simultaneous participation of governments, companies and residents.

(297 words)

Vocabulary

  • To take responsibility for something
  • To enact laws
  • To be capable of doing something
  • Sustainable development goals
  • The active cooperation of residents
  • To raise somebody’s awareness of something
  • To impose heavy fines on something
  • To reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Waste management processes
  • biodegradable (adj)
  • To make a significant contribution to something

Some people think that a huge amount of time and money is spent on the protection of wild animals and that this money could be better spent on the human population. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

There are some debates over whether the money that is spent on wildlife protection could be better spent on helping people. Personally, I believe that the protection of wild animals is extremely important and that countries need to invest more money in preserving their native animal species.

Firstly, I do not believe that much time or money is actually spent on protecting wild animals. In addition, I believe that a large majority of the time that people spend on such issues is voluntary work that people do because they are passionate about saving and helping animals. Additionally, a large amount of money that is spent on these causes is from charity organizations that rely mostly on donations. Therefore, we cannot tell people what charities that they should or should not donate their time and money towards.

Secondly, while many people believe that humans are the superior race on planet Earth, others, including myself, feel that all living beings, human and animal, have equal rights to live in peace, and therefore the protection of all animals and their habitats is extremely important. Human activity is no doubt the main cause of most problems wild animals face. The human race has continued to destroy the planet and the natural habitats of wild animals and therefore should be responsible for protecting them so that they can live wild and free, as is their natural state.

In conclusion, I firmly believe that it is essential for the health of the planet to maintain a diverse range of animals and wildlife within all ecosystems. I also believe that due to the widespread devastation humans have caused to the natural environment, it is our responsibility to do whatever necessary, regardless of time and money, in order to restore a healthy balance to the planet’s natural environments. (302 words)

Vocabulary

  • Preserve = maintain
  • Be passionate about something
  • Charity organizations (n)
  • To be the main cause of something
  • The natural habitats of wild animals
  • To be responsible for something
  • The widespread devastation

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس

The environmental problems facing today’s world are so great that there is little ordinary people can do to improve the situation. Governments and large companies should be responsible for reducing the amount of damage being done to the environment.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

In modern society, more often than not, environment-related issues have confronted ecological scientists, government agencies, and the general public. While they are making coordinated efforts to curb the global environmental deterioration, the downward spiral can hardly be reversed. In my opinion, environmental protection can only be achieved by promoting people’s environmental awareness.

To begin with, individual awareness of the natural law of cause and effect must be nurtured. All levels of education, especially primary and secondary schools, can be a good starting point to develop the realization that whatever we do to the environment, it will return to us. Moreover, the mass media are also responsible for raising the public’s ecological consciousness. Instead of persuading people to buy those new products that only serve to fuel the existing environmental problems, one of their unavoidable obligations is to instil the urgent need of taking care of our natural environment into the psyche of each and every member of our planet.

It is undeniable that serious actions are being taken. In fact, restrictions are being placed on emissions of pollutants, and new environmentally friendly sources of energy for motor vehicles are being developed. Moreover, vast tracts of land are allocated for wildlife conservation, and many endangered species have been spared the fate of extinction. Nevertheless, it is also a well-known fact that the pace of damage to the environment far outstrips our conservation efforts. Unless all citizens of the world are fully aware of the gravity of the situation, ecological degradation, which is happening in their countries, can never be halted. All too often, we tend to expect our scientists, engineers and governments to solve the environmental problems while, in the meantime, factories and households are dumping millions of litres of toxic wastes into rivers, lakes and oceans. Similarly, fancy private vehicles are being crazily purchased, emitting billions of tons of car exhaust into the atmosphere and aggravating the greenhouse effect.

Given this argument, it is reasonable to conclude that if every member of society is aware of the relationship between humans and nature and stops their destructive behaviour, the ecological strain on earth can be relieved and the benefits to all nations are enormous. (365 words)

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس

People have little understanding of the importance of the natural world. What are the reasons and how can people learn more about the natural world?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

These days, many people do not fully comprehend how absolutely important nature is for the existence of human beings. This essay will discuss some reasons why people do not understand its importance and some ways they can learn more about it.

In modern societies, most people have a severe lack of understanding when it comes to the role that nature plays in their lives, and this can be attributed to a number of reasons. Firstly, most modern cities these days are nothing more than concrete jungles, devoid of any significant amount of nature. As a consequence, people are not close to nature and therefore do not appreciate or understand its significance. Kids these days spend their free time playing computer games or staring at a smartphone or TV screen, while adults are endlessly working or pursuing other leisure activities, which tends to disconnect them from the natural world. Another possible reason for this lack of understanding may be that it is not taught in schools. For example, biology is not one of the subjects that hold great importance in most schools these days.

However, there are various solutions to this problem. Firstly, cities need to become greener. Local governments need to incorporate larger green spaces into cities so that people are encouraged to spend more time in nature on a daily basis. The streets must be lined with trees, and there must be large parks in every single neighbourhood. Furthermore, there must be large communal spaces where people can learn about gardening and growing food. In addition, and most importantly, children need to be taught about the importance of nature in school. Such subjects need to be a compulsory part of every child’s education in order to ensure that future generations are well aware of the importance of nature and how to live in harmony with it.

In conclusion, being close to nature and learning about it in school or elsewhere is of vital importance to future generations. Without a deep understanding and appreciation of nature, the human race will face catastrophic consequences.

(343 words)

Vocabulary

  • The existence of human beings
  • A severe lack of understanding
  • The role that nature plays in their lives
  • Nothing more than concrete jungles
  • Devoid of any
  • Staring at a smartphone or TV screen
  • Disconnect them from the natural world
  • Incorporate larger green spaces
  • Be lined with trees
  • Large communal spaces
  • A compulsory part of every child’s education
  • Live in harmony with it
  • Being close to nature
  • A deep understanding and appreciation
  • The human race
  • Catastrophic consequences

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس Two-part

People generally know that the environment is important. However, most individuals still don’t take responsibility to protect the environment. Why is this? What should be done to encourage people to protect the environment?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Humans have been damaging the environment ever since we realised our powers to harness nature. Global warming and air pollution are now frequent headlines on TV and in the newspapers all over the world, which keep reminding us of our obligation to protect the environment. However, few actions are actually being taken at the individual level, and I think there are two major reasons why people are being so indifferent.

The first reason is that many people consider environmental problems as a future concern. Environmental reports often warn us of the dire consequences of climate change or energy crisis 100 or 200 years later. As a result, many people feel that money and time are better spent on solving more immediate problems such as housing shortage and traffic congestion than on preventing a disaster that is only predicted to happen in the future. Also, people feel that the environmental problems are too complex for individual people to cope with. Indeed, a combination of factors causes environmental problems, many of which are impossible to be controlled through individual actions.

The above attitudes are understandable but are obviously mistaken, so the government needs to take proactive measures to make people more environmentally responsible. They can make more public service advertisements to encourage people to consume more green products instead of disposable goods that are harmful to the environment. They can also offer more incentives to people who have been active in cleaning up the neighbourhood or severely punish those who have been unfriendly to the environment.

There is always a dilemma between environment and development, but as an individual, we can do something to reduce the negative impact of human activities on the environment. Certainly, we do not want to see the Earth turn into an uninhabitable planet. 

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس برای موضوعات  Environment, Pollution

The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems.

What are those problems?

In order to reduce the problems, should we discourage people to use cars?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Having a car has become an essential part of many people’s lives. It offers flexibility to their life and work, and also provides ready access to a variety of services and leisure options. However, a range of problems have been identified and need to be addressed.

The problems associated with frequent car use are becoming increasingly familiar to the general public. The widespread use of cars has real environmental costs. Vehicles are major sources of urban air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. It is reported that road traffic is the source of one-third of all harmful air pollution in the world. Car exhaust contributes to acid rain, carbon dioxide and lead, which cause global warming and damage human health. Traffic jam is another problem. As more and more people drive to work rather than walk, cycle or take public transport, there are heavy traffic jams almost every day at rush hours. The most serious problem, however, is safety. Car accidents cause huge numbers of casualties every year.

To solve these problems, some people suggest that the government should impose a strict restriction on the use of cars, but I do not think this is the best option, because this would lead to reduced mobility for people and a decline in the car industry. I think a better solution would be for car manufacturers to design more environmentally friendly cars, which run on solar power or hydrogen. Also, traffic problems can be alleviated by building more underground tunnels and parking garages, and safety problems can be avoided by educating drivers as well as pedestrians to use greater caution on the road.

So, in conclusion, I think that while discouraging car use might seem a quick solution to many problems currently facing society, it is most unlikely to be a permanent cure. (303 words)

دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس problem/solution

These days people in some countries are living in a “throw-away” society which means people use things in a short time then throw them away. Causes and problems.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

It is now common to see people purchase things, for example, cell phones and clothes, and only use them for a short period. A number of factors contribute to this throwaway culture and this leads to a range of dire consequences, which will be outlined in the essay below.

One main reason for the modern throwaway culture is that society is greatly affected by consumerism that encourages the mass production of short-lived goods and the consumption of those goods. The market is also flooded with cheap, single-use products, making it easier to buy things in large quantities and dispose of them even before they become unusable. Another point to consider here is that the purpose for which we buy and use consumer products has changed over the past decades. For example, we no longer wait until our clothes wear out to make new purchases; instead, our decisions to buy new clothes are heavily influenced by a number of other incentives, be it better appearances or new fashion patterns.

This practice inflicts severe damage on the environment. Products constantly ending up in trash bins will cause landfills to become overloaded with massive piles of garbage, only a small proportion of which is disposed of properly to avoid harm to the environment. The rest of the garbage, usually non-recyclable and plastic items, is either buried underground or burnt. This can increase air and land pollution levels, and directly harm the lives of people living in the throwaway society. Furthermore, natural resources that fuel the manufacturing of consumer products can be depleted due to the market’s nonstop demand for those commodities.

In conclusion, a throwaway culture that wreaks devastation on our environment and depletes our natural resources is formed largely by modern consumerism.

(290 words)

Vocabulary

  • Dire consequences (n)
  • Consumerism
  • The mass production of something
  • Unusable (adj)
  • Make new purchases (phr)
  • Dispose of something
  • Non-recyclable (adj)
  • Nonstop demand for something

نکته: دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس

اغلب در امتحان آیلتس، شما مجبور هستید مقاله ای بنام مقاله “مزایا و معایب” بنویسید. اینجاست که باید درباره نکات خوب و بد یک موقعیت مشترک بنویسید. در اینجا یک سوال advantage and disadvantage آمده است:

ترک کشور برای زندگی یا تحصیل در خارج از کشور چه مزایا و معایبی دارد؟

  • مقدمه ای در مورد سوال بنویسید.
  • به یک یا دو مزیت برای شرایط بیندیشید و مثالهای روشنی ارائه دهید.
  • به یک یا دو ضرر فکر کنید و در مورد این موارد با پشتیبانی خوب بنویسید.
  • یک نتیجه گیری کوتاه بنویسید و نظر کلی خود را ارائه دهید.
امتیاز (دانلود نمونه سوالات رایتینگ آیلتس Environment, Pollution)
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IELTS Writing Task 2