لغات مهم رایتینگ تسک 1 آکادمیک
EFFECTIVE SENTENCE STRUCTURES TO GET AN 8.0+
- The price of gas stood at $2.75 per gallon.
- In 2005, the sugar export accounted for about 10% of total exports.
- There was a decrease in the price of gas/ gas prices.
- There was an increase in the sugar export/ export of sugar/ exported sugar.
- Gas prices/ the price of gas decreased.
- The export of sugar/ the sugar export/ the exported sugar increased.
- Gas prices/ the price of gas experienced a decrease.
- The export of sugar/ the sugar export/ the exported sugar witnessed an increase.
- From 1990 to 1995
- Between 1990 and 1995
- During/throughout the period from 1995 to 2005
- During a period of 10 years
- Over the (three-month) period (between April and June)
- In 1990
- By 1995
- For 5 years
Connecting sentences together makes your writing more interesting and can help to improve your band score – but you should aim to vary the way you link sentences. Here are a couple of options to try instead of just using “then”:
- CD sales increased steadily from 2005 until 2010, then fell slightly in the following year.
- CD sales increased steadily from 2005 until 2010, before falling slightly in the following year.
- After increasing steadily from 2005 until 2010, CD sales fell slightly in the following year.
Again, these variations increase the range of language you use, which can make your writing more interesting and benefit your band score.
- There was a slight fall in CD sales in 2010.
- (The year) 2010 saw a slight fall in CD sales.
- CD sales experienced a slight fall in 2010.
Giving evidence (data)
When you describe the key information in a diagram, it’s extremely important to include evidence to support your idea. This means you add data: specific numbers, percentages, etc.
- CD sales increased slightly from 52 (million) to 70 million units between 2009 and 2010.
- CD sales increased slightly from 52 million units in 2010 to 70 million the following year.
- CD sales increased by eight million units from 2009 to 2010.
- During the period from 1990 to 1995, there was a decrease in gas prices from $2.70 to $2.75 per gallon.
- There was an increase in the sugar export between May and August from about 10% to over 20%.
- Between 1990 and 1995, the price of gas decreased from $2.75 to $2.70 per gallon.
- The sugar export increased from approximately 10% to more than 20% between May and August.
- From 1990 to 1995, the price of gas experienced a decrease from $2.75 to $2.70 per gallon.
- The sugar export witnessed an increase between May and August from around 10% to over 20%.
Note the way we use prepositions with numbers and dates:
- In 2000, the number fell to 20%.
- In 2000, the number fell by 25%.
- The number fell/dropped from 45% in 1998 to 20% in 2010.
- The number fell/dropped from 45% to 20% between 1995 and 1997.
You can use a combination of verb + adverb, or adjective + noun, to avoid repeating the same phrases and to add extra meaning:
- There was a significant increase/rise in the number of X.
- The number of X increased/rose significantly.
Notice that you need a preposition when you use the noun form:
- There was an increase in house prices;
- There was a drop of 10% in the number of male students who studied abroad.
Those above are all about the unique things when it comes to your task 1 description. This is a suitable range. So, when it comes to the sentence structures, pay attention to these, and pay attention to the parts of these structures because that is what you will be doing when it comes to describing.
Understand that the grammar never changes, the verbs never change. They stay the same. You are dealing with a limited number of words, a limited number of structures. The only thing that changes is what you are talking about. We might be talking about the purchase of Honda, or we might talk about the number of members at a club or we might talk about the dollars earned or the kilometers traveled or the number of books sold. It doesn’t matter. That is the only thing that changes. It is very mathematical When it comes to task 1, you need to use certain kinds of language:
COMPARISON AND SUPERLATIVE LANGUAGE
The language we should use in task 1 writing is the language of comparison and superlative.
We can compare X and Y by using superlatives.
- Honda was the most popular motorbike. (Superlative language)
- Honda was more popular than any other motorbike. (Comparison language)
- Honda produced the most sold motorbikes.
- More males than females chose Honda.
- Fewer females than males chose Honda.
- Honda was more popular among males than females.
- Honda was less popular among females than males.
- The most popular means of transport was Honda.
- Honda was more popular than any other means of transport.
- Honda was the most popular means of transport.
- Honda was chosen by more males than females.
- A higher percentage of males chose Honda than males.
- Compared to/with the number of females, the number of males were considerably higher.
- The number of males was considerably higher compared to/with the number of females.
If we have 2-time points (that could be days/weeks/months/years/decades), we need to use trend language. We need to talk about “increase”, “decrease”.
We could talk about 1990 and 2000, or we could talk about January and June, or we could talk about Monday and Friday. It doesn’t matter.
Note: if they give you a diagram with just one year, all we can do is just to compare, we cannot use trend language “increase”, “decrease”, “fluctuated”. In other words, we cannot talk about movement.
On the other hand, if they give you two years, three years, or four years, they still want a comparison, <span”>but now they also want trend language. They also want you to talk about movement. These are really two basic groups of language that you need to use to describe diagrams: comparison and trend language.
Let’s build some vocabulary. Here is a list of verbs, adverbs, adjectives and nouns that you need to use in task 1 writing.
LANGUAGE OF TRENDS:
SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND VOCABULARY
The overall sale of the company slightly increased by 10% in 2005.
plunge & plummet
Note that “plunge” and “plummet” do not take adverbs because what they mean is a big decrease.
We can say “decreased considerably/sharply/dramatically/significantly/substantially” or “plunged”, or “plummeted”.
But, we must not say,
No need to use those two verbs “plunge” and “plummet” with an adverb. Decreased sharply equals plummeted. They mean the same thing.
“rocket” does not take adverbs. So to say increased significantly, rose sharply, they mean the same thing as rocketed. A big/sharp increase, so no adverbs for rocketed.
steadily & gradually
There are some things I need you to be aware of here. I want you to know that steadily and gradually mean the same thing. Slightly is something that means different. Steadily and gradually mean over a period of time. Slightly means how much deals with amount. Steadily and gradually mean a gradual change like a child’s growth; he or she grows gradually/ he or she grows over time.
Levelled off & stabilized
These are flat changes or no changes really, but I want you to be aware that levelled off and stabilized always happen after another trend. You can say, for example
- “the figure remained the same before increasing
- the figure remained stable before increasing
- the figure remained unchanged before increasing
- the figure remained constant before increasing
. However, we cannot use “stabilized or levelled off” in this case. Stabilized and levelled off always happen after another trend. For example:
- sales fluctuated before they levelled off
- sales fluctuated before they stabilized
. Don’t ever use stabilized and levelled off to start your description.
You can say fluctuated significantly/ fluctuated wildly (big changes) or fluctuated slightly (small changes).
- The birthday fluctuated significantly/wildly between 2000 and 2005.
Reached a low
“Reach” always happen after a movement. “A high” is always behind a point of the diagram. We shouldn’t say
reached a high, instead we say started at a high/ began at a high.
- reached a low/started at a low/ began at a low
- Car sales reached a low of 15.000 in 2000.
Reached a peak
“A peak” is always up and down. A peak can be a high but it doesn’t have to For example,
- reached two peaks before reaching a high.
- The number of people who were unemployed reached a peak of 2000 people in 2015.
- The number of tourists reached a peak of 15 million in 1995.
You can use “stood at” at anywhere on the graph you want (at the beginning it stood at, afterward it stood at, then it stood at”, then it stood at, then it stood at something else). “Stood at” works for anything on the graph.
- The number of sales stood at 4 million in 2010.
- The number of people travelling to London stood at 26 million in 2005.
Started at & began at
You can use “started at/ began at” at the beginning.
- In 2000, the figure for Internet users started at approximately 50 million.
- The amount of meat consumed weekly began at about 150 grams.
Ended at & finished at
You can use “ended at/ finished at” at the end.
- The figure finished at over 50%.
Dipped & decreased slightly
- Expenditure on furniture dipped slightly from 9% to 7% between 2002 and 2005.
- Coffee sales decreased slightly between June and August.
Coffee sales began at 50 thousand dollars, then decreased slightly to 48 thousand dollars. Subsequently, sales plunged and reached a low of 40 thousand dollars between June and August. Afterwards, coffee sales rocketed to a high of 70 thousand dollars. Sales remained stable before decreasing and stabilizing at…
Started at a high…then it fell slightly/declined slightly/ dropped slightly/ fell steadily/declined gradually…then it levelled off/ stabilized/ remained unchanged/ remained stable/ remained the same/ maintained the same figure.
Sales soared/rocketed/rose dramatically/grew sharply/increased substantially.
“Soared” really is the same as “rocketed”.
Increased slightly & increased gradually.
- The number of people using the Internet increased slightly between 1995 and 2005.
- From 2002 to 2004, CD sales in the UK increased gradually from 3 to 4 million – a rise of 30%.
Experienced/witnessed/saw a decrease/a decline/a rise/an increase
- Laptop prices experienced a decrease/a decline.
- Laptop prices underwent a decrease/a decline.
- The price of laptop saw a fall/decrease/a decline.
- The price of laptop witnessed a fall/decrease/a decline.
As far as I know, this method allows you to have a variety while maintaining accuracy and limiting what you need to learn. I don’t need you to learn everything. I just need to learn these things. These are simple structures, because there are no time, and no figure. There are no adjectives or adverbs here. These are very simple. Let’s look at these again:
- The purchase of Honda increased slightly from…..to….
- Honda sales grew slightly from nearly…to…..
- Honda sales decreased substantially, falling from…to…
- Sales of Yamaha rocketed.
- Sales of Yamaha soared.
- Sales of Yamaha increased substantially.
You don’t need to get creative, this is not poetry. This is a boring technical writing. You need to recognize the verbs, and then you need to recognize the nouns, adverbs and adjectives. Just use what I gave you, learn the simple words here, learn the simple grammar and you will find that you have an incredible range of words and structures just by using the combination of the basics I’ve mentioned above.
Other basic languages:
- A doubling means twice (10% -> 20%)
- A tripling means three times (10% -> 30%)
- Rocketed = soared = increased substantially/significantly/dramatically =
- plunged = plummeted
- Decrease = decline = fall = experience a decrease
So all that you need to know is just some basic things, and you are able to change the words around a little bit and that’s the key. You don’t need <span”>to learn a ton of grammar. You just need to learn this grammar and how to use these words. That’s it, and then you will become a master of IELTS task 1 writing. Now, I would like to warn you that the biggest problem my students have when it comes to task 1 writing is that they don’t believe it’s simple.
When it comes to give you dates and times, and to give you figures, you don’t need to use prepositions. What prepositions do we need? From, in, to, at. So, even the prepositions that you need are very limited, you just need to pay attention and notice what is going to be used in the same structure over and over again.