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20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph Model answer sample

نمونه رایتینگ نمودار گراف خطی Line graph

از نمودارهای خطی می توان برای نشان دادن چگونگی تغییر اطلاعات یا داده ها در طول زمان استفاده کرد. آنها دارای محور X (افقی) و Y (عمودی) هستند. معمولاً محور x دوره زمانی را نشان می دهد و محور y اندازه گیری را نشان می دهد. نمودارهای خطی معمولاً دارای اوج (صعود) و فرورفتگی (نزولی) هستند. به عبارت دیگر، آنها روندها را برجسته می کنند.

در این مطلب، بیش از 20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph با جواب استاندارد و رعایت چهار پاراگراف مقدمه، overview و بدنه 1,2 آمده است.

IELTS academic writing task 1 Line graph | line graph model answer sample

writing task 1 academic line graph

The chart below shows the price in Euros of 800 grams of four types of bread in one European country from 2001 to 2005

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line graph illustrates the amount of money people spend to buy 800 grams of four various kinds of bread in a particular nation between 2001 and 2005 in Euros.

Overall, while the price of 800 grams of brown, white, and rye increased throughout the period, Wholegrain experienced some fluctuation and reached the price it had at the beginning of the period. Although the price of wholegrain was initially the highest, it was the second cheapest bread at the end of the period.

In 2001, people spend 0.6 Euros for buying 800 grams of rye bread. Then this price experienced some fluctuation, before seeing a slight growth to around 0.7 Euros in 2005. The cost of 800 grams of wholegrain bread increased significantly between 2001 and 2002. However, it showed a sudden drop to just under 0.7 Euros, being lower than brown and white bread by 2004.

With regard to the cost of brown bread and white bread, they stood at 0.6 Euros in 2001. Both of them experienced a sharp rise to about 1.5 Euros and 1 Euro, respectively. In the following years, the price of white grew steadily to approximately 1.3 Euros in 2005, whereas brown bread showed some fluctuation at the same period, peaking at 1.6 Euros.

(205 words)

نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph

The graph below gives information on the performance of a train company in October and November in 2008.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The two-line graphs illustrate the percentage of trains, from a particular company, that were either cancelled or running late in October and November in 2008.

It is clear that the percentage of trains that were delayed or cancelled both witnessed significant fluctuations over the period shown. Additionally, while the highest percentage of train trips were cancelled in October, the highest percentage of trains that were late occurred in November.

In the first week of October, about 20% of all trains did not run on time. This figure then rose slightly in the next week before dropping to about 5% in the last week of October. In contrast, approximately half of all trains were late during the second week in November, followed by a slight drop to 40% in the third week.

Starting at only 1% of total trains in the first week, the percentage of trains that were cancelled reached a peak of 7% in the second week, but later dropped back to the initial figure. There was an increasing fluctuation in this figure throughout the rest of the period, with about 4% of total trains being cancelled in the final week.

(193 words)

vocabulary

  • To delay (v)
  • To occur (v)

The line graph shows telephone subscribers, and fixed-line phones, per 100 inhabitants in Africa between 1994 and 2004.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The given line graph compares the percentage of people in Africa who subscribed to mobile, and fixed-line phones, from 1994 to 2004.

Overall, the line graph shows that the percentage of subscribers for both mobile and fixed-line phones increased over the period. However, while fixed-line phones were the most popular choice at the beginning of the period, mobile phones were significantly more popular by the end of the period.

In 1994, 1.7% of African inhabitants subscribed to fixed-line phones, with only 0.06% of people using mobile phones. Both types of phone subscription slowly increased over the following four years, with mobile phones increasingly gaining popularity and equaling the percentage of fixed-line users in the year 2000, at approximately 2.5%.

From 2000 onwards, while the percentage of fixed-line subscribers continued to slowly increase, the percentage of mobile phone users saw a dramatic rise, ending up at 8.8% in 2004, compared to 3.1% for fixed-line subscribers in the same year.

(165 words)

vocabulary

  • To gain popularity (collocation)
  • To equal something (v)

The graph below shows the population of a particular country by age group starting in 1960 and including a forecast to 2040.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line graph compares and predicts the proportion of the population, in three different age groups, in a particular country, from 1960 to 2040.

Overall, people aged 15-64 accounted for the greatest percentage of the population for all recorded and predicted years. It is also clear that while the proportion of people aged 65 and over increased during the period, the percentage of those aged less than 65 decreased, with both trends expected to continue into the future.

In 1960, just over half of the population was aged 15-64. The figure then slightly fluctuated over the next 50 years, peaking at about 60% in 1970 and 1990. It is forecasted to gradually decline to around 45% by 2040. Meanwhile, the percentage of people aged 0-14 began at 30% in 1960 and dropped to half of that by 2000. This figure is also predicted to continue decreasing to reach around 10% by 2040.

From the graph, it can also be seen that the percentage of elderly people in this country experienced remarkable growth during the period. In 1960, only 15% of the population was aged 65 or older. The figure began to rise in 1970 to be at 20% in 2000. This figure has continued to rise and is expected to continue rising in the future.

(215 words)

Vocabulary

  • To account for
  • To forecast

20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس Academic

The line graph shows the number of international conferences in three different cities from 1965 to 2010.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line graph illustrates the number of international conferences held in three different cities, over a period of thirty-six years, beginning in 1965.

It is clear that while the number of international conferences held in city C increased dramatically, there were some fluctuations in the figures for the other cities over the period shown. Additionally, city C saw the biggest change in its figures.

In 1965, city A held about 35 international meetings, which was the highest figure for all cities in all years, while just under 30 conferences were organized in city B. In contrast, there were no international conferences in city C that year.

Over the next 35 years, the number of international meetings that took place in city C rose sharply to peak at over 30 in 1980 and then fell slightly before rising again to around 30 in 2010. The figures for the other cities, however, both witnessed some fluctuations throughout the period, both holding approximately 25 conferences each in the final year.

(168 words)

Vocabulary

  • International meetings = international conferences
  • To held = to take place = to organize (v)

The graph below shows UK air pollutants in millions of tonnes, from three different sources, between 1990 and 2005.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line graph compares the amount of emissions released into the air from three different sources, between 1990 and 2005.

Overall, the total number of air pollutants gradually declined over the period shown. While the figures for industry and households decreased over the period, the figures for transport saw an increase.

In 1990, a total of nearly 8 million tonnes of air contaminants were emitted from the three mentioned sources, with the largest figure belonging to the industry, at 6 million tonnes. The amount of pollutants due to transport and households were the same, at approximately 1 million tonnes each.

The total number of pollutants discharged into the air gradually reduced over the next fifteen years, with the total figure declining to about 5 million tonnes by 2005. In addition, air pollutants from industrial activity also decreased over time, from just under 6 million tonnes in 1990 to about 2 million tonnes in 2005. Despite the figures for households and transport being equal at the beginning of the period, the quantity of air pollutants from transport saw a small increase to 3 million tonnes by 2005, while air pollutants from households experienced a drop to a negligible amount.

(196 words)

Vocabulary

  • The amount of emissions released into the air
  • Number of pollutants discharged into the air
  • The quantity of air pollutants
  • Air contaminants (n)
  • A negligible amount (n)

The line graph below shows oil production and consumption in China between 1982 and 2006.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The graph illustrates how much oil was produced and consumed every day in China, over a 24-year period starting from 1982.

Overall, China witnessed an increase in both the production and consumption of oil over the period shown. However, oil consumption rose significantly faster than that of its production.

At the beginning of the period, the figures for oil production and consumption were both around 2 million barrels per day. However, while the rate of oil consumption rose only slightly over the next eight years, to approximately 2 million barrels per day, oil production increased significantly per day to 3 million barrels per day in 1986, then remained constant until 1990.

From 1990 onwards, the amount of oil that was consumed per day saw steady growth to end up at just over 6 million barrels. Meanwhile, the rate of oil production continued to increase from 1990, but only marginally, ending up at approximately 3.5 million barrels per day in 2006, which was significantly less than the countries consumption rate.

(169 words)

Vocabulary

  • Oil production and consumption (n)
  • The rate of oil consumption (n)
  • To remain constant
  • Marginally (adv)

سوال رایتنیگ آکادمیک تسک 1

The line graph below gives information about the percentage of women aged 15-64 in employment in 5 nations between 2003 and 2009.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line graph illustrates the percentage of females between 15 to 64 years old having jobs in five nations from 2003 to 2009.

It is clear that while the employment level of women in this age group in Iceland decreased, the percentages of females aged 15 to 64 being employed in the other nations increased. Additionally, the figure for Iceland was the largest during the research period.

In 2003, just over 80% of females aged 15 to 64 in Iceland had jobs, compared to about 70% of Canadian counterparts. The percentage of employed female Germans was close to 60%, much higher than those of Chile and Turkey, at around 35% and 25% respectively.

After six years, Iceland saw a slight fall in the employment rate of women in this age group, to under 80%, whereas there were insignificant rises in the figures for Canada and Germany, by about 1% and 5% in turn. A similar climb was seen in Chile, while after a marginal fall in the first two years, the rate of employment in Turkey, recovered to the initial point in 2009.

(181 words)

Vocabulary

  • Compared to something
  • Canadian counterparts
  • Respectively
  • Insignificant rises
  • To recover

The line graph below shows Japan’s population by age groups starting in 1960 and including a forecast to 2040.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line graph illustrates the percentage of the Japanese population in different age groups from 1960 until now, and projections for the year 2040.

Overall, the percentage of people aged 0-14 and 15-64 follows downward trends over the period shown. The opposite trend, however, can be seen in the percentage of those aged 65 and over.

Starting at about 65% in 1960, the proportion of people between 15 and 64 years old hovered during the next 40 years before falling to around 60% in 2018. This figure is predicted to experience a fall to about 52% by 2030, and finally will constitute around 55% of the total population of Japan in 2040. The figures for those aged 0-14 follow a somewhat similar pattern, which began at 30% in 1960 and is estimated to drop to about 10% by 2040.

In contrast, the percentage of Japanese people aged 65 and above was only 5% in 1960. However, the figures witnessed a significant increase to just under 30% in 2018, and by 2040, it is forecast that approximately 35% of Japan’s population will fall into this age group.

(186 words)

Vocabulary

  • Projection
  • Follow (a) downward trend
  • Opposite trend
  • Predict = Forecast
  • Constitute
  • Follow a similar pattern
  • Estimate

IELTS writing academic examples 

The chart below shows the average cost of the monthly contract for four different mobiles (cell phones) in a European country from January to September 2002, measured in euro.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The chart illustrates the average price of monthly plans from four cell phone contractors in a European nation in the first three quarters of 2002.

Overall, there was an increase in the figures for all companies, except for Sim TX whose price remained unchanged over the period shown. In addition, the monthly cost of Alpha’s contract experienced the most remarkable growth.

Alpha originally offered the lowest price at the beginning of 2002 at only 5 euros per month. The price remained relatively stable during the next 5 months before a surge to 25 euros in September, which made Alpha the most expensive contractor examined. Meanwhile, Domo’s users had to pay the highest price for the majority of 2002 as the price rose gradually from January to July, followed by a slight decrease to about 23 euros by September. Similarly, there was a gradual growth in the price of Lex’s contract, from approximately 12 euros in January to 17 euros in September.

On the other hand, after peaking at 14 euros in June, the average cost of Sim TX decreased and returned to its original price of 8 euros.

(187 words)

Vocabulary

  • Contractor
  • Originally
  • Surge
  • the majority of something
  • Gradual growth
  • Approximately
  • Average cost

line graph model answer sample

The graph below shows the number of enquiries received by the Tourist Information Office in one city over a six-month period in 2011.

Line-graph-academic-ielts

Write at least 150 words.

Model Essay

The line chart illustrates the number of inquiries sent to the Tourist Information Office in a particular city via three means of communication, between January and June in 2011.

It is clear that visitors to the city made more inquires in person and via telephone, while written letters and emails became the least common choices. Additionally, the number of enquiries in person experienced the most dramatic change among the different options.

In January, the Tourist Information Office received 900 telephone enquiries, while just under 800 letters and emails were received. Not many tourists chose to ask for information in person, with just over 400 queries. Over the next three months, the telephone still remained the most popular method of enquiry, with approximately 1000 queries.

Meanwhile, the number of enquires made in person saw considerable growth to 800, surpassing the figures for emails and postal enquires. From March to June, enquires in person were the most common method of inquiry. By June, the number of in-person enquires soared by more than 1,000 to peak at 1,900. During this period, there was also a significant rise in the figure for telephone enquiries, from 1000 to 1600. By contrast, fewer people sent emails or letters to make enquires, with slightly less than 400 enquires in May and June.

(216 words)

vocabulary

  • To surpass something
  • Means of communication
  • Postal enquiries
  • To soar

20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph

The graph below shows changes in young adult unemployment rates in England between 1993 and 2012.

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 1

Model Essay

The line graph compares levels of unemployment among 16 to unemployment figures over a period of 20 years in England.

It is clear that the proportion of young adults who were unemployed at any time between 1993 and 2012 was significantly higher than the overall proportion of adults without work. Unemployment rates for both groups of adults were consistently higher in London than in the rest of England.

In 1993, around 18% of English 16 to 24-year-olds living outside London were unemployed, but the figure for those living in the capital was 5% higher, at 22%. Similarly, the overall adult unemployment rate in London, at 14%, was 4% higher than the rate in the rest of England. While levels of joblessness fell significantly over the following10 years, the trend for higher levels in London and among young adult continued.

Young adult unemployment in England rose dramatically between 2002 and 2012, from 12% to 21% outside London, and from around 15% to a peak of 25% in the capital. By contrast, the proportions of all adults without work remained below 10%, both in London and in the rest of the country.

(193 words)

The graph below shows trends in US meat and poultry consumption.

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 2

Model Essay

The line graph shows changes in the per capita consumption of beef, pork, broilers and turkey in the United States between 1955 and 2012.

It is noticeable that beef was by far the most popular of the four types of meat for the majority of the 57-year period. However, a considerable rise can be seen in the consumption of broilers, with figures eventually surpassing those for beef.

Between 1955 and 1976, US beef consumption rose from around 60 to a peak of 90 pounds per person per year. During the same period, consumption of broilers also rose, to nearly 30 pounds per person, while the figures for pork fluctuated between 50 and 40 pounds per person. Turkey was by far the least popular meat, with figures below 10 pounds per capita each year.

By 2012, the amount of beef consumed by the average American had plummeted to around 50 pounds, but the consumption of broilers had doubled since the 1970s, to approximately 55 pounds per capita. By contrast, there was no significant changes in the trends for pork and turkey consumption over the period as a whole.

(187 words)

20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph

The graph below shows the average number of UK commuters travelling each day by car, bus or train between 1970 and 2030.

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 3

Model Essay

The line graph compares figures for daily travel by workers in the UK using three different forms of transport over a period of 60 years.

It is clear that the car is by far the most popular means of transport for UK commuters throughout the period shown. Also, while the numbers of people who use the car and train increase gradually, the number of bus users falls steadily.

In 1970, around 5 million UK commuters travelled by car on a daily basis, while the bus and train were used by about 4 million a d 2 million people respectively. In the year 2000, the number of those driving to work rose to 7 million and the number of commuting rail passengers reached 3 million. However, there was a small drop of approximately 0.5 million in the number of bus users.

By 2030, the number of people who commute by car is expected to reach almost 9 million, and the number of train users is also predicted to rise, to nearly 5 million. By contrast, buses are predicted to become a less popular choice, with only 3 million daily users.

(188 words)

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 4

Model Essay

The line graph compares average yearly spending by Americans on mobile and landline phone services from 2001 to 2010.

It is clear that spending on landline phones fell steadily over the 10-year period, while mobile phone expenditure rose quickly. The year 2006 marks the point at which expenditure on mobile services overtook that for residential phone services.

In 2001, US consumers spent an average of nearly $700 on residential p one services, compared to only around $200 on cell phone services. Over the following five years, average yearly spending on landlines dropped by nearly $200. By contrast, expenditure on mobiles rose by approximately $300.

In the year 2006, the average American paid out the same amount of money on both types of phone service, spending just o er $500 on each. By 2010, expenditure on mobile phones had reached around $750, while the figure for spending on residential services had fallen to just over half this amount.

(162 words)

line graph model answer sample

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 5

Model Essay

The line graph compares the percentage of people aged 65 or more in three countries over a period of 100 years.

It is clear that the proportion of elderly people increases in each country between 1940 and 2040. Japan is expected to see the most dramatic changes in its elderly population.

 In 1940, around 9% of Americans were aged 65 or over, compared to about 7% of Swedish people and 5% of Japanese people. The proportions of elderly people in the USA and Sweden rose gradually over the next 50 years, reaching just under 15% in 1990. By contrast, the figures for Japan remained below 5% until the early 2000s.

Looking into the future, a sudden increase in the percentage of elderly people is predicted for Japan, with a jump of over 15% in just 10 years from 2030 to 2040. By 2040, it is thought that around 27% of the Japanese population will be 65 years old or more, while the figures for Sweden and the USA will be slightly lower, at about 25% and 23% respectively.

(178 words)

20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph

The graph below gives information about car ownership in Britain from 1971 to 2007.

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 6

Model Essay

The graph shows changes in the number of cars per household in Great Britain over a period of 36 years.

Overall, car ownership in Britain increased between 1971 and 2007. In particular, the percentage of households with two cars rose, while the figure for households without a car fell.

In 1971, almost half of all British households did not have regular use of a car. Around 44% of households had one car, but only about 7% had two cars. It was uncommon for families to own three or more cars, with around 2% of households falling into this category.

The one-car household was the most common type from the late 1970’s onwards, although there was little change in the figures f r this category. The biggest change was seen in the proportion of households without a car, which fell steadily over the 36-year period to around 25% in 2007. In contrast, the proportion of two-car families rose steadily, reaching about 26% in 2007, and the proportion of households with more than two cars rose by around 5%.

(176 words)

line graph model answer sample

The graph below shows UK acid rain emissions, measured in millions of tonnes, from four different sectors between 1990 and 2007.

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 7

Model Essay

The line graph compares four sectors in terms of the amount of acid rain emissions that they produced over a period of 17 years in the UK.

It is clear that the total amount of acid rain emissions in the UK fell considerably between 1990 and 2007. The most dramatic decrease was seen in the electricity, gas and water supply sector.

In 1990, around 3.3 million tonnes of acid rain emissions came from the electricity, gas and water sector. The transport and communication sector were responsible for about 0.7 million tonnes of emissions, while the domestic sector produced around 0.6 million tonnes. Just over 2 million tonnes of acid rain gases came from other industries.

Emissions from electricity, gas and water supply fell dramatically to only 0.5 million tonnes in 2007, a drop of almost 3 million tonnes. While acid rain gases from the domestic sector and other industries fell gradually, the transport sector saw a small increase in emissions, reaching a peak of 1 million tonnes in 2005.

(169 words)

line graph model answer sample

IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph 8

Model Essay

The line graph compares the percentage of people in three countries who used the Internet between 1999 and 2009.

 It is clear that the proportion of the population who used the Internet increased in each country over the period shown. Overall, a much larger percentage of Canadians and Americans had access to the Internet in comparison with Mexicans, and Canada experienced the fastest growth in Internet usage.

In 1999, the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA was about 20%. The figures for Canada and Mexico were lower, at about 10% and 5% respectively. In 2005, Internet usage in both the USA and Canada rose to around 70% of the population, while the figure for Mexico reached just over 25%.

By 2009, the percentage of Internet users was highest in Canada. Almost t 100% of Canadians used the Internet, compared to about 80% of Americans and only 40% of Mexicans.

(151 words)

امتیاز (20 نمونه سوال رایتینگ آیلتس line graph)
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