Reading Passage 1
It is commonly believed that taking steps to protect the environment is morally the right thing to do. What is sadly evident, however, is that we all have friends and family who do not concern themselves at all with tackling this problem.
The number one reason for this that, for some, it is just inconvenient. Other people just do not feel that their contribution makes a difference. Fortunately, however, the majority of us do give it the attention it deserves and many people go to great lengths to ensure the planet is protected for future generations.
Look at the statements and write
- YES, if the statement agrees with the views in the text
- NO, the statement contradicts the view of the writer
- NOT GIVEN, if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks
1- Some people tackle environmental problems in the wrong way.
2- People do not pay attention to environmental issues because they don't believe their involvement would make an impact.
3- Most people do not care about environmental issues.
4- Some people do a great deal to protect the environment.
Reading Passage 2
The instructions accompanying do-it-yourself products are regularly cited as a source of unnecessary expense or frustration. Few companies seem to test their instructions by having them followed by a first-time user. Often, essential information is omitted, steps in the construction process are taken for granted, and some degree of special knowledge is assumed. This is especially worrying in any fields where failure to follow correct procedures can be dangerous.
Objections to material in plain English have come mainly from the legal profession. Lawyers point to the risk of ambiguity inherent in the use of everyday language for legal or official documents and draw attention to the need for confidence in legal formulations, which can come only from using language that has been tested in court over the course of centuries. The campaigners point out that there has been no sudden increase in litigation as a consequence of the increase in plain English materials.
Complete the summary below.
- Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
- Write your answers in boxes 5-9 below.
Consumers often complain that they experience a feeling of 5 __________ when trying to put together do-it-yourself products which have not been tested by companies on a 6 __________ . In situations where not keeping to the correct procedures could affect safety issues, it is especially important that 7 __________ information is not left out and no assumptions are made about a stage being self-evident or the consumer having a certain amount of 8 __________ .
Lawyers, however, have raised objections to the use of plain English. They feel that it would result in ambiguity in documents and cause people to lose faith in 9 __________ , as it would mean departing from language that has been used in the courts for a very long time.